Since the moment of dietology development as the science of healthy nutrition, a lot of diet plans recommended for combination therapy of obesity were developed. Vegetarian diet plan is most often used for weight loss. This kind of diet is characterized by a complete refusal to use foods of animal origin.
There are three main types of Vegetarian diet plan:
- strict vegetarianism or veganism;
- mixed vegetarianism (lacto-vegetarian);
- moderate vegetarianism (lacto-ovo vegetarian).
The first type of Vegetarian diet plan is characterized by a complete refusal to eat dairy products, seafood, meat and eggs. In some cases, use of honey is even rejected. Herewith, the person’s diet entirely consists of vegetable products. The same principle underlies the other two types of Vegetarian diet plan.
Vegetarian diet plan book includes recipes with fruits, vegetables, legumes, cereals. Due to the fact that the body does not need to spend a lot of energy for processing and disposal of these products, this diet plan reduces energy value of the diet.
Vegetable products have a high nutritional value, due to which saturation is reached enough quickly. According to laboratory studies, adherence to this diet helps to lose 20 pounds for about 9 months. Thus, Vegetarian diet plan helps to lose about 2 pounds in a month.
Due to this diet plan, the amount of carbohydrates consumed is regulated and the amount of cholesterol and saturated fats are decreased in the person’s body. This leads not only to fat loss. In addition, blood pressure is reduced in people who use Vegetarian diet plan and they are less exposed to the risk of eye diseases and cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis.
During laboratory experiments, it was found that level of beneficial bacteria necessary for proper function of the intestine is increased in the human body due to Vegetarian diet plan.
This is especially typical for mixed type of Vegetarian diet plan, which helps to use not only vegetable, but also dairy products.
In addition, the amount of fiber in the body is increased when following Vegetarian diet plan. Fiber contained in vegetable products reduces appetite and absorbs useful amino acids. This is a positive factor for weight loss, however muscle mass can hardly be built.
This is the reason why the mixed or strict Vegetarian diet plan is not suitable for bodybuilding and for athletes.
The most suitable type of diet plan for these people is moderate vegetarianism. The basis of this type of diet is also rejecting meat; however, milk products and eggs are used in addition to vegetable products.
Strict Vegetarian diet plan is also not recommended for children. For full development of young body, vitamin B12 is needed contained in meat, fish and milk.
- Its lack can lead to dystrophy.
Therefore, moderate Vegetarian diet plan is desirable for children. Furthermore, this diet plan is suitable for seniors, pregnant women and for breastfeeding mothers.
During pregnancy, women are more prone to weight gain because of metabolic changes. In addition, the risk of gestational diabetes increases during pregnancy.
This is due to the inhibition of insulin by hormones produced by mother’s body for fetus development.
Use of Vegetarian diet plan helps to maintain healthy weight; herewith a complete saturation of the body with vitamins occurs. Moreover, this diet plan enhances the body’s susceptibility to insulin and improves blood sugar control.
Due to this influence, Vegetarian diet plan is often used for diabetics during treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Vegetarian diet plan is recommended to combine with exercise for fast weight loss. For beginners, free Vegetarian diet plan is recommended. The patient, who is not sure that he is ready to completely refuse from meat, can try to use a sample vegetarian diet plan for a month. Thus, the patient can choose dishes that are closest to his taste preference.